EXCLUSIVE: Breakfast Briefing Debates Sluggish Europe, Geopolitical Jitters And China
The risk of inflation in the eurozone is not a concern but the rigidity of the European economy is a major reason for preventing a rebound, a recent Breakfast Briefing has heard.
The risk of inflation taking hold in the eurozone is no cause for concern but the rigidity of the European economy remains a major factor in preventing a rebound, a recent Breakfast Briefing event, hosted by the publisher of this news service, heard recently.
Speaking a day after financial equity market volatility spiked sharply to levels not seen since the financial crisis and bond yields fell unexpectedly, the event held at the Carlton Club in London was a chance for wealth management professionals to get a handle on the state of the world economy – and geopolitics. The event was entitled Global Economic Outlook: Recoupling Growth And Inflation and sponsored by Skagen Funds.
One of the central features of the eurozone – and broader world economy – for some time has been the combination of ultra-low, or even just negative, real interest rates on the one hand, and a period of relatively subdued inflation, on the other. This challenges some of the fears that central bank quantitative easing will trigger inflation, Torgeir Høien, portfolio manager of SKAGEN Tellus, a bond fund, told the audience.
“We are looking at the long-term implications of a zero-interest rate policy…that is part of the problem that is scaring the markets right now,” he said. “Expectations of inflation are still falling despite all the efforts of the central banks. Despite the easy money, money in fact is getting tighter,” he continued.
The rigid labour market in the eurozone meant the prospect of deflation was a serious one, since without flexibility, the economy cannot right itself, Høien said. “I think the eurozone could prepare for a `cold turkey’ recession and the way to do that is to have widespread price flexibility. It is not the end of the world,” he said.
At times, fear that deflation equates to a more generally painful economic picture is overblown, he said. Even during the long period when Japan had deflation, that country logged an annual growth rate per capita of around 0.6 per cent, he said.
Jonathan Bell, chief investment officer of private investment office Stanhope Capital, was asked about recent International Monetary Fund comments on the global and eurozone economic situation, noting that the IMF expects UK and US rates to lead the way up while other regions lag; that it urges investment spending, examining banks’ balance sheets, and has said that financial markets had been “too benign”.
“We are now all a bit more aware of risks [after recent market falls],” Bell said, highlighting the spoke in measures of equity option volatility, such as the VIX Index.
“Banks still need to do more to clear up their balance sheets. I am also in favour of more being done on the monetary side,” Bell said.
Silvana Tenreyro, who is Professor in Economics at the London School of Economics, said that despite some apparent disconnections, there is – as the likes of the late Prof. Milton Friedman have pointed out – a long-term link between aggregate growth of the money supply and inflation. Sooner or later, QE on a sufficient scale, she said, will have an impact on prices. “There will come a point where it will increase the inflation rate.”
“In the short run, the link is less evident, because monetary policy tends to be expansionary in response to weak growth and deflationary pressures, hence the correlation can be even negative in the short run; this does not mean that monetary policy cannot affect inflation---quite the contrary: inflation would be even lower without monetary expansions,” she said.
The fourth panellist, Martin Graham, chairman of Oracle Capital Group, said this of inflation: “There has been inflation in asset prices…it has been all the wrong things and driven up the market.”
He went on to say that a lesson from Japan is that monetary policy alone cannot fix an economic malaise.